venerdì 14 ottobre 2011

Essaouira

Marocco 152a_Essaouira
Essaouira - Promenade en mer
Marocco 083_Essaouira 

Marocco 120_Essaouira 

Marocco 198_Essaouira
Islas Purpureas
Marocco 193_Essaouira 

Marocco 078_1_Essaouira 

Marocco 073_Essaouira

Essaouira vuol dire ''ben disegnata'': nel 1765 il sultano Ben Abdallah incaricó un suo prigioniero, l' architetto francese T. Cornut, di riorganizzare l'urbanistica di Mogador, l' insediamento esistente, sul modello di citta' europeo e rimase molto soddisfatto del risultato. 
Per questo motivo, la Medina di Essaouira ha viali, portici e piazze simmetriche, che la differenziano dall' anarchia che disegna le altre Medine.
I suoi palazzi sono tutti bianchi, le mura che la circondano sono color terra e la sabbia dal deserto tinge di ocra tutto: le case, il mare e l'aria.
Di fronte ad Essaouira le Islas Purpureas: rifornivano l' antica Roma del colore porpora per le tuniche di moda.
Oggi Essaouira e' uno degli 8 siti in Marocco dichiarati Patrimonio dell' Unesco.

martedì 11 ottobre 2011

martedì 4 ottobre 2011

The Songlines

Sydney sunset
Sydney Sunset
Outback
Into da Outback
Sydney
Sydney
Kakadu National Park - Ubir
Kakadu National Park - Ubir
Uluru
Uluru


"The Songlines" ("Le Vie dei Canti") è un bellissimo libro di Bruce Chatwin: Racconta e spiega la cultura dei nativi australiani, ne descrive lo stretto legame esistente tra geografia, storia, religione, società e musica e mostra come quei territori rappresentino una sorta di enorme partitura musicale.
Racconta anche quanto sia stato lungo riuscire a comprenderlo.
La descrizione seguente è tratta da Wikipedia:

"Songlines, also called Dreaming tracks by Indigenous Australians within the animist indigenous belief system, are paths across the land (or, sometimes the sky) which mark the route followed by localised 'creator-beings' during the Dreaming. The paths of the songlines are recorded in traditional songs, stories, dance, and painting.

A knowledgeable person is able to navigate across the land by repeating the words of the song, which describe the location of landmarks, waterholes, and other natural phenomena. In some cases, the paths of the creator-beings are said to be evident from their marks, or petrosomatoglyphs, on the land, such as large depressions in the land which are said to be their footprints.

By singing the songs in the appropriate sequence, Indigenous people could navigate vast distances, often travelling through the deserts of Australia's interior. The continent of Australia contains an extensive system of songlines, some of which are of a few kilometres, whilst others traverse hundreds of kilometres through lands of many different Indigenous peoples — peoples who may speak markedly different languages and have different cultural traditions.

Since a songline can span the lands of several different language groups, different parts of the song are said to be in those different languages. Languages are not a barrier because the melodic contour of the song describes the nature of the land over which the song passes. The rhythm is what is crucial to understanding the song. Listening to the song of the land is the same as walking on this songline and observing the land.

In some cases, a songline has a particular direction, and walking the wrong way along a songline may be a sacrilegious act (e.g. climbing up Uluru where the correct direction is down). Traditional Aboriginal people regard all land as sacred, and the songs must be continually sung to keep the land "alive".

Molyneaux & Vitebsky (2000, p. 30) note that the Dreaming Spirits "also deposited the spirits of unborn children and determined the forms of human society," thereby establishing tribal law and totemic paradigms."